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            1. 新东方网>重庆新东方学校>大学考试>考研>正文


              2018-10-23 11:57



              61. The fact that they loved each other was merely proof that the fault lay not in themselves, in their behavior or inconstancy of feeling, but rather in their incompatibility; he was strong and she was weak.

              【译文】 他们彼此相爱,这个事实只能证明他们本身没有问题,他们的行为或情感的摇摆也没问题。问题在于他们彼此不相容:他很坚强,而她太脆弱。

              62. They were no longer occasional practitioners of art, as the cave painters had been, but full professionals — i.e., men skilled in a specialized occupation, practicing it full-time and probably earning all of their livelihood from it.

              【译文】 他们不再像洞穴壁画的创作者一样是艺术品的偶然创作者,而是全职的职业创作者,即:他们擅长于某个特定行业,全职从事之,也许还?#28304;?#20026;生。

              63. But even the relatively simple definition of a professional as a person receiving pay for carrying out a specialized occupation on a full-time basis is difficult to apply to the arts.

              【译文】 但是,?#35789;?#23558;职业者相对简单地定义为全职从事某个特定行业并从中取得报酬的人,这个定义也很难适用于艺术。

              64. Nearly everywhere and always, music, architecture, and poetry have been regarded as professions, while pottery making has been regarded as an art and granted the dignity of a profession only in some nonWestern cultures.

              【译文】 几乎在每个地方,音乐、建筑和诗歌总是被看做是专业,而制陶只在某些西方以外的国家被看做艺术,并?#36824;?#20197;专业的名誉。

              65. The attempt to gain for some of the arts the status of learned or quasi-learned professions resulted in a distinction between “the fine arts" and “the applied arts", a distinction that has done harm to both.

              【译文】 人们赋予某些艺术以有学问或半学问的专业地位,区分出“高雅艺术”和“应用艺术?#20445;?#36825;种做法对彼此都有害无益。

              66. The gradual breakdown of the attitude that permitted such exclusive categories to be created and the general rejection of the false distinctions between art and utility are encouraging developments in the arts in recent times.

              【译文】 这?#30452;?#27492;排斥的分类态度正在逐渐改变,人们普遍拒绝对艺术和实用做人为的区?#37073;?#24577;度的改变目前正在促进艺术的发展。

              67. Michelson’s work is valuable, as a reflection of the day to day responsibilities of Mesquakie women, yet as is often the case with lifepassage studies, it presents little of the central character’s psychological motivation.

              【译文】 迈?#25628;?#30340;著作是有价值的,?#20174;?#20102;Mesquakie妇女的日常职责,但是,像其他生活过程研究一样,它对主人翁心理动机的描述甚少。

              68. For example, in Maria Campbell’s account of growing up as a Canadian Metis who was influenced strongly by the nonnative American world around her, one learns a great deal about the life of native American women, but Campbell’s individual story, which is told to us directly, is always the center of her narrative.

              【译文】 例如,玛利亚?坎贝尔叙述了自己作为一个加拿大迈提斯人的成长过程,她深受周围的非本土的北美世界影响,她的故事使读者对本土美洲妇女的生活有了很多了解,但是,坎贝尔的个人故事是她亲自向读者讲述的,它始终是书的主线。

              69. As anthropologist Ralph Lonton said, “The last thing a fish would ever notice would be water." So it is with people: except in unusual circumstances, the effects of our own culture generally remain imperceptible to us.

              【译文】 人类学家拉尔夫?兰顿说:“鱼根本注意不到水的存在。”人也是这样:除非在不同寻常的情况下,文化对我们的影响通常不为我们所注意。

              70. No longer could I count on people to stare only surreptitiously, to take precautions against invisible microbes, or to stand in an orderly way one behind the other on the basis of time of arrival to obtain a service.

              【译文】 我再也不能指望人们仅仅偷偷地看,不能再担心看不见的?#22919;?#25110;井然有序地按先来后到顺序一个个排队来获得某项服务。

              71. The aerospace industry is the complex of manufacturing concerns engaged in the production of flight vehicles, including unpowered gliders and sailplanes, lighter than air-craft, ground-effect machines, heavier than air craft of both fixed-wing and rotary-wing varieties, military missiles, space launch vehicles, and manned or unmanned spacecraft; propulsion systems and other thrusting devices; on board equipment essential to the design purpose of the flight vehicle; and ground-based support equipment needed for the operation and maintenance of the flight vehicle.

              【译文】 航天工业是一个综合制造行业,从事各种飞行器的生产,包括:各种无动力滑翔机,轻于空气的飞行器,地面效应机械设?#31119;?#37325;于空气的各种固定和旋转机翼飞行器,军用导弹,太空发射器,载人或无人飞行器,推进系统或其他助推设?#31119;?#23545;飞行器的设计至关重要的舱内设?#31119;?#25511;制和维护飞行器的地面设备。医学检验考研

              72. Russia, France, and the United Kingdom, as well as the European Space Agency, also have achieved a high degree of aerospace sophistication and have the ability to manufacture home designed systems including the entire range of aerospace vehicles.

              【译文】 俄罗斯、法国、英国以及欧洲航天局也在航天?#38469;?#19978;取得很高的成就,能够制造包括各种航空飞行器在内的本国自身设计的系统。

              73. In the United States, nonaerospace systems, primarily for state and municipal governments, utilities, surfacetransportation companies, hospitals, and other segments of the medical community, represent a significant portion of total sales.

              【译文】 在美国,非航空设备的主要客户是各州和市政府、公用事业公司、地面运输公司、医院和其他医疗机构,这些设备的生产占总销售量的很大一部分。

              74. Between 1940 and 1980 in the United States, for example, per-acre yields of corn tripled, those of wheat and soybeans doubled, and farm output per hour of farm work increased almost 10 fold as capital was substituted for labour.

              【译文】 例如,美国在1940~1980期间玉米的亩产量增加了2倍,小麦和大豆增加了1倍;换算为现金计算,每工时的农业产量增加了近9倍。

              75. This is an opportunity for some of us to suggest to Hollywood where that boundary of consumer tolerance is. Especially those of us who have not yet convinced Hollywood to cease its descent into everlower levels of desensitization of our young.

              【译文】 现在是个机会,我们应该告诉好莱坞消费者的忍?#22303;?#25152;能达到的限?#21462;?#29305;别是对我们这些还没有说服好莱坞,阻止他们使我们的年轻一代变得越来越冷漠的人来说。

              76. Producers like Aaron Sorkin of “The West Wing" planned to keep pushing hard. He was quoted as saying: “There’s absolutely no reason why we can’t use the language of adulthood in programs that are about adults."

              【译文】 像亚伦?索金(《西楼》的制片人)这样的制片人准备穷追不舍,有报道引用他的话说:“在?#20174;?#25104;人生活的节目?#26657;?#32477;对没有理由不能使用成人语言。”

              77. At this moment of crisis in our nations history, thought has become more contemplative, prayerful, and spiritual. It may be the time to tell the entertainment industry that we want not a temporary pause in the flow of tastelessness, but a long-term cleanup.

              【译文】 在目前我们国家历史上这个危机时刻,人们在思想中?#27492;肌?#31048;祷、冥想。也许是我们该告诉娱乐业的时候了:我们要的不是暂时停止制作那些?#22270;度?#21619;的东西,而是永远清除它们。

              78. Richard Nixon’s intense interest in sporting events was well known during his time in the White House, and it went far beyond the ceremonial events, such as throwing out the first pitch of the season for professional baseball and calling the winning team’s locker room after the Super Bowl.

              【译文】 在入主白宫期间,理查德?尼克松对体育竞赛的浓厚兴趣是众所周知的,它?#23545;?#36229;出了只参加一些礼节性活动,如在垒球赛季的职业比赛前投出第一个球,在超级杯比赛以后访问获胜球队的更衣?#19994;取*?/p>

              79. He repeatedly stunned reporters, athletes, and coaches that met him with his detailed knowledge about sporting events, and made a surprise visit to a Washington Redskins practice to give the team an inspirational boost after a difficult loss.

              【译文】 他以其对体育竞赛项目的详尽知识,一次又一次地让与他会面的记者、运动员和教练们感到惊奇。他有时出乎意料地来到Washington Redskin?#38590;?#32451;场,给奋力拼搏但输了球的队员们打打气。

              80. In some cases it was quite intentional, such as the effort of the White House staff to arrange a photo opportunity on the front lawn of the executive mansion with race car driver Mario Andretti, so Nixon could develop some popularity among race fans.

              【译文】 有时这是特别有意识安排的,例如:白宫工作人员在白宫前的草坪上安排总统与赛车手马里奥?安德?#26800;?#21512;影,以赢得赛车迷们的欢心。





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